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Wednesday, December 23, 2020

MUCORMYCOSIS BIMARI ANGE NI MARGDARSHIKA BABAT.

MUCORMYCOSIS BIMARI ANGE NI MARGDARSHIKA BABAT.

What is Mucormycosis 

Mucormycosis (formerly called zygomycosis) is a serious but rare fungal infection caused by a group of molds called mucormycetes.  These molds live throughout the environment.  




Mucormycosis mainly affects people who have health problems or take medicines that lower the body's ability to fight germs and sickness.  It most commonly affects the sinuses or lungs after inhaling fungal spores from the air, or the skin after the fungus enters the skin through a cut, burn, or other type of skin injury.  However, it can occur in almost any part of the body.  Types of Mucormycosis Rhinocerebral (sinus and brain) Mucormycosis is an infection in the sinuses that can spread to the brain.  This form of mucormycosis is most common in people with uncontrolled diabetes and in people who have had a kidney transplant.  Pulmonary (lung) mucormycosis is the most common type of mucormycosis in people with cancer and in people who have had an organ transplant or a stem cell transplant.  

Gastrointestinal mucormycosis is more common among young children than adults, especially premature and low birth weight infants less than 1 month of age, who have had antibiotics, surgery, or medications that lower the body's ability to fight germs and sickness.  Cutaneous (skin) mucormycosis: occurs after the fungi enter the body through a break in the skin (for example, after surgery, a burn, or other type of skin trauma).  This is the most common form of mucormycosis among people who do not have weakened immune systems.  Disseminated mucormycosis occurs when the infection spreads through the bloodstream to affect another part of the body.  The infection most commonly affects the brain, but can also affect other organs such as the spleen, heart, and skin.



Types of fungi that most commonly cause mucormycosis are Rhizopus species, Mucor species, Rhizomucor species, Syncephalastrum species, C unninghamella bertholletiae, Apophysomyces species, and Lichtheimia (formerly Absidia) species.  2 Symptoms of Mucormycosis The symptoms of mucormycosis depend on where in the body the fungus is growing.  Symptoms of rhinocerebral (sinus and brain) mucormycosis include:.  .  One - sided facial swelling Headache Nasal or sinus congestion Black lesions on nasal bridge or upper inside of mouth that quickly become more severe Fever o Symptoms of pulmonary (lung) mucormycosis include. 



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Cough Chest pain Shortness of breath o Cutaneous (skin) mucormycosis can look like blisters or ulcers, and the infected area may turn black.  Other symptoms include pain, warmth, excessive redness, or swelling around a wound.  Symptoms of gastrointestinal mucormycosis include: o Abdominal pain Nausea and vomiting gastrointestinal bleeding

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